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Monday, October 8, 2012

E: 2009 Glossary




This site is a work in progress, and will be a part of an expanded web site under the home address of www://artlynch.org. Any additions, corrections, ideas, guest material are greatly appreciated. Please also review the material located along the right hand column, then contact me at art.lynch@artlynch.org. No funds are collected or directly solicited by this site. Google Ads are used to expand Google search and tools reach. Web assistance and a web master are also being sought. Thank you in advance. -Art Lynch



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E

8x10 - Commonly used size of a performer's photos, usually in black and white.

18-TO-PLAY-YOUNGER - A performer legally 18 years old, who can convincingly be cast as a younger age.

EDITOR- The editor decides what will be in the final product. They are the artist who fineness the video in postproduction or who physically cut and supervise effects with film. While they work with the director, often their final contracts, and thus their final work, reflects the desires of the producer and the eventual consumer marketplace.

ELECTRICIAN - In film, crewmembers who place lighting instruments, focus, gel and maneuver the lights.

EMPLOYER OF RECORD (EOR) - the Company responsible for employment taxes, unemployment benefits and workers compensation coverage.

EMMY – TV’s highest award, the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, Los Angeles, presents the prime time Emmys. The New York based National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences handles the rest, including those daytime, sports, news and documentary shows.

END CREDITS- The rolling of credits at the end of a film or video production, in which the actors name appears, usually next to the character they played. Current SAG and AFTRA contracts with the industry do not guarantee your name will be on the screen, so it is important an agent negotiate such credit into your final contract. The Screen Actors Guild is also attempting to stop the practice of “squeezing credits” at the end of programs and films to allow networks to put on audience capturing features, promotions or even commercials. Another contested issue is the logo or “bug” which appears frequently over the intended image on the screen, or its cousin the “information” flag across the bottom of the screen.

EPISODE- One show or program in a series.

ESTABLISHING SHOT- The EST is a shot that can be edited in later to establish the time, a location, a situation or a mood. Often these are exteriors, such as a home, a hospital, the courthouse, or of a landmark (the Welcome to Las Vegas sign, the Hollywood sign, the Statue of Liberty or of a mountain range).

EQUITY - Actors Equity Association (AEA) Union representing stage actors. See also Actors Equity. The Nevada Equity information line is (702) 452-4200. It includes regional casting calls, since there is little equity work other than “guest artist” contracts in Nevada. In England and much of the British Commonwealth, Equity has jurisdiction over film and television as well as theater. Most foreign Equity film or TV contracts are buy-outs and do not contain the residuals or use fees found in American union contracts.

EQUITY WAIVER - In Los Angeles, 99-seat (or less) theatres which were otherwise professional, over which Equity waived contract provisions under certain circumstances. Now officially called "Showcase code", the term "Equity waiver" is still used informally.

EXECUTIVE – A union executive hired by the membership of AFTRA or SAG to perform the duties and responsibilities of the legal day to day operation of the union, including but not limited to Field Representation, Contract Enforcement, Organizing and assisting local governments or the national organization.

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER - Person responsible for funding the production. In most cases the Executive Producer plans the project, supervises other producers, and stays with a production from when it is first thought up until it is completed.

EXT. - An Exterior is a scene shot outside. Often these are used as establishing shots to show relative location or time of year. Sometimes the primary action is an exterior action.

EXTEMPORAINEOUS- A presentation made without notes or script, but best done well prepared, through our and researched in advance. Similar to Improvisation, however improvisations may have been rehearsed or made to follow strict guidelines and goals.

EXTRA - Background talent, used only in non-principal roles. The term extra exists in the Screen Actors Guild Commercial contracts. In other contracts the terms background performer, background artist or background actor may appear. At issue among many performers is whether background extras are actors, skilled labor, or simply a needed tool for production, such as sets, cameras and lighting. Also, new technologies are decreasing the need for extras using computer generated Synthespians, shot duplication, digitally adjusted stock footage (or “B”-roll), animation, robotics and other techniques.

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This site is a work in progress, and will be a part of an expanded web site under the home address of www://artlynch.org. Any additions, corrections, ideas, guest material are greatly appreciated. Please also review the material located along the right hand column, then contact me at art.lynch@artlynch.org. No funds are collected or directly solicited by this site. Google Ads are used to expand Google search and tools reach. Web assistance and a web master are also being sought. Thank you in advance. -Art Lynch

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