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Thursday, March 21, 2013

F: 2009 Glossary


This site is a work in progress, and will be a part of an expanded web site under the home address of www://artlynch.org. Any additions, corrections, ideas, guest material are greatly appreciated. Please also review the material located along the right hand column, then contact me at art.lynch@artlynch.org. No funds are collected or directly solicited by this site. Google Ads are used to expand Google search and tools reach. Web assistance and a web master are also being sought. Thank you in advance. -Art Lynch








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F


4-A's - Associated Actors and Artistes of America; umbrella organization for SAG, AFTRA, Equity and other performers' Unions. The four A’s is not a union but a cooperative organization.

FAX – Short term for studio facilities.

FAX TIME – Time spent in the studio (most expensive element of the production process).

FEATURED- any role in a television series or film that does not qualify as a starring lead, or co-star designation. Not everyone with speaking lines gets the featured billing on screen; an agent must negotiate it. However, everyone who has lines can use the “featured” billing on their resume and professional credentials.

FICA - Social Security taxes (Federal Insurance Corporation of America).

FIDELITY- Fidelity is the degree to which a recording or playback devise accurately reproduces a sound or image.

FIELD REP. - Union staff member who ensures contractual compliance by signatory productions on sets. These employees of the unions may be dispatched form central locations or may function as branch or local executives or contract administration employees.

FINAL CUT- The final edit of a project, as approved by all parties who have a say (usually the producers, sponsors, director and sometimes contractually the star). This “cut” is not the print, which is duplicated, as often adjustments need to be made in image or sound, often the adding of additional music or sound effects.

FIRST A.D. - First Assistant Director; person responsible for the running of the set. Gives instructions to crew and talent, including calling for "first team," "quiet," "rehearsal," and "take five."

FIRST ASS'T. CAMERA OP. - First Assistant Camera Operator is responsible for focusing the camera lens during the shooting of a scene; also known as the Focus Puller.

FIRST CUT – Initial assembly of the film by the editor and/or director; notes of the script supervisor are usually used at this stage. Films may or may not be filmed in sequence, i.e. first scenes may be filmed later and later scenes first; scenes may be filmed in one take or broken up into cuts.

FIRST TEAM - The production term for the principal actors in a scene.

FITTING FEE or WARDROBE FEE. If talent is asked to report at a time other than their schedule shoot to be fitted by the Wardrobe Department, the are paid additional compensation for doing so.

FOLEY ARTIST – Creates sound affects for digital recording onto film. Usually working in teams of two or three individuals, foley artist know how to create the specific sounds that augment those recorded on the set, often sounding more realistic than the sound they are meant to augment or replace. The profession has its roots in radio sound effects technicians and theater audio effect artists.

FORCED CALL - A call to work less than 12 hours after dismissal on the previous day. See TURNAROUND.

FORCED INTEGRATION- A term used by performance unions to indicate the use of technology to allow producers or marketers to turn any product utilized in a production into a sales tool for that product, without compensating the talent for product endorsement. This may include the simple placement of product on a set or go as far as making that product an intricate part of the plot or dialogue of a production. Forced integration also includes

FOREGROUND- Objects or actions close to the camera.

FOREGROUND CROSS - Action in a scene in which an Extra Performer passes between the camera and the principal actors; sometimes called a "wipe".

FOREIGN FILMS- Films produced for distribution outside of the United States by companies based outside of the United States. Foreign films can be filmed inside the US and maintain this status if their intended market and distribution is outside of the US. Under SAG Global Rule One, union actors may not work on foreign films without a SAG contract.

FORMAL PROSPECTUS – A numbered document describing an offering.

FRAME- Frame refers to the image seen on a screen, as if real life were placed in a picture frame. Aspect ratio is related, because it refers to the length, width and depth of the frame. Each still image represents a single frame. Each “pane” of film represents a single frame. Frames are “animated” by flashing the images or by video scan, into a moving image. Standard American Television has 30 frames per second (fps) at 525 line scans.

FRONT MONEY-Funds invested in a project prior to the start of actual production. Front Money is usually used in the pitch, early pre-production and legal contracting involved in a given project.

FULL MOTION VIDEO – A new web and CD ROM based synonym for traditional television video or clean moving images / moving pictures.

FUNDS APPROACH- In the music recording industry, a negotiated advance to the artists representing projected recording costs.

FX (Effects) - Special Effects.


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This site is a work in progress, and will be a part of an expanded web site under the home address of www://artlynch.org. Any additions, corrections, ideas, guest material are greatly appreciated. Please also review the material located along the right hand column, then contact me at art.lynch@artlynch.org. No funds are collected or directly solicited by this site. Google Ads are used to expand Google search and tools reach. Web assistance and a web master are also being sought. Thank you in advance. -Art Lynch

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