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Monday, October 8, 2012

D: 2009 Glossary (draft)

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This site is a work in progress, and will be a part of an expanded web site under the home address of www://artlynch.org. Any additions, corrections, ideas, guest material are greatly appreciated. Please also review the material located along the right hand column, then contact me at art.lynch@artlynch.org. No funds are collected or directly solicited by this site. Google Ads are used to expand Google search and tools reach. Web assistance and a web master are also being sought. Thank you in advance. -Art Lynch




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D


DAILY- .A contract for a single day of work. ‘Weekly’ is a contract for weeks work, as a base pay whether or not the actor works every day of the scheduled week.

DAILIES - Screening of footage before it is edited. These “rushes” are sent from the film lab to the set as soon as they are processed, for review by the director, key crewmembers, and often the producers. Dailies are still used to check film quality, however digital “video assist” tapes now provide immediate feedback, decreasing the important and urgency of traditional ‘dailies’.  Reviewing the actual film print, or digital video, of the work captured on a given day. These assist the director in selecting takes, and in making decisions concerning future shots or retakes.

DAILY VARIETY- the daily (Monday to Friday) newspaper version of Variety (a weekly entertainment news magazine our of New York). Daily Variety provides production updates that can be used as employment or contract leads by actors and other professionals in the entertainment industry. It tracks trends, personnel shifts and other entertainment business news. Variety is well known for “industry-speak”, the often-colorful shorthand or abbreviation of industry concepts both in headlines and within the body copy. Major competitor: Hollywood Reporter. http://www.variety.com/


DAT- Digital Audio Tape used for recording and playback. Most often used for portable recording equipment, the format has been replaced in most other uses by the CD-R and CD-RW formats.

DAY PLAYER (DAY PERFORMER) - A principal performer hired on a daily basis, rather than on a longer-term contract. This is the most common method of gaining entrance into the Screen Actors Guild. Simply put, if an background artist, or any other form of talent, has a line and it is scripted or given to them in an exact way by the director, they become an actor the entire time they are on the project and become eligible to join the Screen Actors Guild (assuming the production is a SAG signatory production).

DAYTIME DRAMA - Soap opera.

DEMO TAPE - An audio or videotape that agents use for audition purposes


DGA - Directors Guild of America. The union of professional directors of film, television and other media projects. http://www.dga.org


DIALECT - A distinctly regional or linguistic speech pattern.

DIALOGUE - The scripted words exchanged by performers. Monologues are a form of Dialogue in which the other performer or character is implied, is not seen or does not respond verbally.

DIALOGUE DIRECTOR – Personal available to run lines with actors between scenes.

DIGITAL - Digital refers to any recording system or information system that uses numbers or a pulsing of information to record or store visual, audio or textual information.

DIGITAL CONVERGENCE- The merging of product and product distribution where all forms of productions either consist of or at one point are processed through computer digital technology. This include transmission to digital television, HDTV, computers, iPods, DVDs, CDs, Digital tape, MPEG players, TiVo, cell phones and other transmitters, storage or receiving devices. Program, entertainment, news, information and other product are no longer classified by the originating medium (film, video and so forth), since other than creative decisions, the medium utilized initially may no longer have much or little to do with the final product and distribution.

DIGITAL MANIPULATION – The altering of a performance through digital electronic means. This includes, but is not limited to altering appearance, movement, voice or location. A strong example lies in the use of the performances or images of deceased performers in commercials and films, or on the Internet.

DIGITAL RECORDING- a system where information is converted into a series of pulses that are translated in binary code and stored on magnetic or optical media. Digital recording is pure in that it records precise information. It is often stored out of sequence.

DIGITIZATION- An umbrella term used to describe the use of computer or digital production and distribution in any from during the process of creating, crafting, editing and distribution of entetainment or information video, audio or still image product.

DIRECTOR - The coordinator of all artistic and technical aspects of any production. In film the director is usually hired by the producer, or a producer themselves, to bring a creative vision to a project and execute that vision. The director is responsible for all creative aspects of the film, from advance planning to final edit, however as an employee they can and frequently are replace during the process. In episodic television, the director is usually hired to supervise the actual shoot, with lesser casting and supervisory responsibilities than their film counterparts. In commercials, the director usually is over the crew only and while they are a key part of the creative team, they are primarily responsible for what gets on film or tape. In theater the director works with the producers or in new works, the writer, as a member of their team.

DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY (D.P.) - Supervises all decisions regarding lighting, camera lenses, color and filters, camera angle set-ups, camera crew and film processing.

DISSOLVE- when a scene fades into another scene, as opposed to a fast cut, it is called a dissolve. For actors this means it is important to establish and hold your character both before the scene officially begins and after you have completed the scene. It is best to make sure you are in character before “action” and to hold it a few seconds after the director calls “cut”.

DOF - Depth of Field is the range of what’s in reasonably good focus, in front of and behind the main subject of the image.  The range of items seen clearly in a photograph or moving image. Also known as depth of focus.

DOLBY - Dolby is a system of noise/his reduction invented by Ray Dolby. It is used to “improve” sound my reducing imperfections. It is also the basis of Surround Sound Technologies.

DOLLY - A piece of equipment that the camera sits on to allow mobility of the camera. Often used for following moving action, creating the illusion of movement or to smoothly move toward or away from the action of a scene. Such equipment is referred to as a “mount” for the stand on which a camera sits.

DOLLY GRIP - The crewmember who moves the dolly.

DOUBLE - A performer who appears in place of another performer. There are body doubles who work whenever an actor cannot do the scene, usually when the actor is in the background of a shot, in the distance or there is a compromising situation. Stunt Doubled perform any stunt where there is a chance of injury, rather than risk the lost revenue of an injury to an actor. While publicity may say otherwise, in most cases actors do not do their own stunts or appear in compromising situations.

DOWNGRADING- Under the SAG/AFTRA Commercial Contract someone who was intended to be a principal (lead or key to the commercial, usually with their face recognizable in a commercial) can be downgraded to background performer if they are not used or in other ways cannot be considered a principal in the final production. While the actor retains their principal session fee, they are not entitled to use-fees, residuals or additional compensation.

D.P. - Director of Photography or Cinematographer.

DRAMATISTS GUILD – Professional association of playwrights, composers & lyricists.

DRAMATURGE – A professional who reads, catalogues, and circulates scripts, knows history of theater and a wide range of plays; there are accredited programs specializing in this major.

DRESS THE SET - Add such items to the set as curtains, furniture, props, etc.

DRIVE-ON PASS - In Los Angeles, a pass to drive onto and park on a studio lot.

DRY RUN- a rehearsal on the set prior to shooting on film or video.

DUBBING - Dubbing reefers to the transfer of an image and/or sound and/or data from one tape to another, or one media to another. This can also include adding tracks or altering tracks in the video or audio of the production. For example: foreign language dubbing, looping and layering audio.

DUPE - A duplicate copy of a film or tape; also, a "dub"




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This site is a work in progress, and will be a part of an expanded web site under the home address of www://artlynch.org. Any additions, corrections, ideas, guest material are greatly appreciated. Please also review the material located along the right hand column, then contact me at art.lynch@artlynch.org. No funds are collected or directly solicited by this site. Google Ads are used to expand Google search and tools reach. Web assistance and a web master are also being sought. Thank you in advance. -Art Lynch 

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